Back pain has many causes such as injuries from sports or other activities, strains from overusing muscles and tendons and accidents that may occur while you are driving, in your home or at work. For every kind of back pain, there are causes, symptoms, and treatments.

A back specialist can help with various kinds of back pain and help diagnose which you have. Basically, there are two types of back injuries: a slipping of the vertebrae which causes pain in the spine and back pain that occurs in the cervical area which causes weakness, pain and a loss of sensation in a person’s arms, neck or shoulder.


There are certain risk factors for back pain such as being obese, having diabetes type 2, leading a sedentary lifestyle, being pregnant, leading a stressful life—especially at work, being older, being anxious, feeling depressed, working at a physically demanding job and smoking. Research has found that more women than men suffer from back pain.

It is important to note that there are certain signs and symptoms of back pain: aches and pains in the back, a rash, weight loss, a fever, swelling in the back, pain down the legs, urinary incontinence, and numbness around a person’s genitals, incontinence and numbness around the hips.

If you experience any of the above symptoms, it is important that you talk with your doctor, soon. Back pain can take away the enjoyment of life but there are things a person can do at home that can prevent back pain such as exercising on a regular basis and keeping their weight down.

Many have found relief from back pain by doing some strengthening exercises—exercises that focus on the back and abdominal muscles. Such exercises help to strengthen the muscles that protect your back.

Other methods that can help with back pain are medication or physical therapy. Applying ice, heat, ultrasound or other muscle-releasing techniques can help lessen back pain.

When physical therapy is used, treatments such as spinal decompression therapy or flexibility and strength exercises can be effective in reducing pain. Cortisone injections can also give relief from pain; especially pain that is chronic.

For some, surgery for back pain may be an option; however, it is rare and performed only when a person has a herniated disk and has persistent pain. Always find out as much information as possible from a reliable source like so you are informed about the treatment you might be getting.

For severe spinal injuries, surgery may be needed to lessen the pressure on the brain or the spinal cord. Surgery may also be needed to treat head injuries. A back pain doctor can help you find relief from back pain.